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Cholesterol as a vital component of the bodyA quarter of cholesterol is absorbed through food. The greater part of fats (lipids) is formed by the human organism itself. Especially the liver is involved in the production of cholesterol as a building block for hormones, bile acid and cell walls. In addition to total cholesterol, a distinction is made between the forms HDL and LDL, which consist of cholesterol, protein and fat molecules. They are called lipoproteins. An increase in the cholesterol level leads to a calcification of the blood vessels (arteriosclerosis), which may result in a heart attack, stroke, circulatory disorders of the legs and brain. In order to determine the risk of arteriosclerosis, the doctor checks the cholesterol level in the blood. These laboratory medical values can be subject to daily and seasonal fluctuations. They should always be seen in conjunction with other values, such as blood sugar levels or blood lipids. A balanced and low-cholesterol diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids (olive oil, fish), plenty of fresh vegetables, enough exercise, a reduction in body weight, nicotine and alcohol can prevent cardiovascular diseases by lowering cholesterol levels. The Mediterranean diet is one of the healthiest forms of cholesterol-related nutrition in the world.

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Compared to total cholesterol, the determination of HDL and LDL is more meaningful. HDL cholesterol (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) transports an excess of cholesterol from the blood vessels back to the liver. Here the bile is converted into bile acid and excreted via the bile fluid. This recirculation is vital for the body. The function of the HDL probably has a protective effect on the blood vessels and keeps the cholesterol metabolism in balance. LDL cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol) is colloquially referred to as “bad cholesterol”. It is responsible for the transport of essential cholesterol from the liver to the various body tissues. If there is too much LDL in the blood, deposits of so-called plaques on the vascular walls can occur, which contain inflammatory cells as well as fats. If there are cracks in the plaque surface, the area is immediately closed by the blood platelets (thrombocytes). A heart attack occurs when there is complete occlusion of the coronary arteries, which can lead to an increase in cholesterol levels due to diabetes, obesity, specific liver diseases and hypothyroidism. In rare cases, the cause is congenital disorders of the fat metabolism, severe liver damage, malnutrition or hyperthyroidism, the cholesterol level is lowered. The cholesterol test200 mg/dl should not exceed the total cholesterol in the blood. The HDL is above 40 mg/dl. If the value is below this normal range, an increased risk of arteriosclerosis must be assumed. Up to 160 mg/dl is considered normal for LDL and a cholesterol test can be easily performed at home at any time without a doctor’s appointment. Blood from the fingertip is required for the examination. The sampling point must be disinfected beforehand. A lancet is used for the puncture. The blood should come out of the puncture site on its own so as not to falsify the measurement results. Disposable test strips are used for measurement. The so-called cassette test, for example the NanoRepro Cholesterol Check quick test, determines the value within 5 minutes. Studies have shown that the simple blood test is 99 percent correct. For the determination of cardiovascular parameters, Medivere offers a product with a test kit for sampling. Included in the price is a laboratory test with subsequent test report. The results of the accredited laboratory will be sent online or by post within one week. Measuring instruments usually require rechargeable batteries. They are handy and can be used mobile. Devices from Roche, Prima Home Comparison and Mission combine the determination of blood lipids and blood sugar for cholesterol. The measuring instruments are offered complete with accessories in a practical bag. The range of measurement results is between 25 and 500 mg/dl. The products differ only in their display and accuracy. The purchase of a measuring device depends on whether regular monitoring of cholesterol is necessary. If you only want to get an occasional overview, you can take a quick test.

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